What is The Camelia Sinensis Plant?

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The Camellia Sinensis is a plant that originated in China and is known as the “Tea Plant”. When you think of tea, a lot of the teas we drink daily are from this single plant.

Which Teas?

Green Tea, Black Tea, Oolong Tea, White Tea, Yellow Tea, and Pu-erh Tea all come from this one plant.

You may wonder, “How does one plant produce all of the different teas?” Great question!

It all comes down to how each type of tea is processed once its leaves are picked from the plant.

Before we begin, we would like to define a few terms that we will use throughout this article:

  • True Teas – all teas that come from the same plant, which is the Camelia Sinensis plant
  • Oxidize – to become combined chemically with oxygen

White Tea

White tea leaves are processed the least and are considered the most natural of True Teas. One cool feature about White Tea’s production is that they are sun dried to prevent oxidation.

Green Tea

Green tea leaves are well known for its health benefits and maintain the true color of tea bushes. These tea leaves are dried using a steaming or roasting technique to help prevent oxidation

Black Tea

Black tea leaves are oxidized completely, which is why black tea has the dark, bold color and strongest flavor of all the True Teas

Oolong Tea

Oolong tea leaves fall in the middle of Green and Black Tea. Its flavor is more bold and robust than Green Tea; however, lighter than Black Tea

Pu-erh Tea

Pu-erh tea leaves are similar to fine wine, it gets better with ageJ. Some Pu-erh Teas can age for several decades and develop great amazing flavors.

As you can tell, the production process helps determine the flavor, color, and aroma of the tea, which is why one single plant can produce a wide variety of teas that we drink. Hopefully you will have an opportunity to taste each of these to see which tea fits you the best.


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